Escuela para padres
 
A mayor supervisión de los padres [1] o responsables [2] existe mayor retraso en el inicio de la vida sexual en los jóvenes.[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]

Los y las adolescentes que asisten frecuentemente a los servicios religiosos, a actividades religiosas para jóvenes [9] y que le dan alta importancia de la religión en su día a día, inician hasta en un 50% [10] más tarde edad la vida sexual.[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19].

Mayor educación escolar, retrasa el inicio de la vida sexual activa [20],[21],[22], y los embarazos en gente joven,[23] así mismo a menor educación y deserción escolar aumentan las conductas sexuales de riesgo[24],[25] y el inicio de vida sexual a corta edad.[26]

Los jóvenes que se sienten menos presionados por sus amigos para iniciar la vida sexual y que están más seguros de sus habilidades para decir "no" retrasan el inicio de la vida sexual más facilmente.[27],[28]

Los jóvenes que tiene vida sexual reportan del 50 al 100% más consumo de tabaco, que aquellos que no han iniciado la vida sexual; y de manera casi similar para el consumo de alcohol y marihuana.[29]


 
 

 

Referencias:

[1] Fortenberry JD, Katz BP, Blythe MJ, Juliar BE, Tu W, Orr DP. Factors associated with time of day of sexual activity among adolescent women. J Adolesc Health 2006; 38(3):275-81.

[2] Harris L, Oman RF, Vesely SK, Tolma EL, Aspy CB, Rodine S, Marshall L, Fluhr J. Associations between youth assets and sexual activity: does adult supervision play a role? Child Care Health Dev 2007; 33(4):448-54.

[3] Li X, Stanton B, Feigelman S. Impact of perceived parental monitoring on adolescent risk behavior over 4 years. J Adolesc Health 2000; 27:49-56.

[4] Nagamatsu M, Saito H, Sato T. Factors associated with gender differences in parent-adolescent, relationships that delay first intercourse in Japan. J School Health 2008; 78(11):601-6.

[5] Romer D, Stanton B, Galbraith J, Feigelman S, Black MM, Li X. Parental influence on adolescent sexual behavior in high-poverty settings. Arch Pediatr Adoelsc Med 1999; 153:1055-62.

[6] Rupp R, Rosenthal SL. Parental influences on adolescent sexual behaviors. Adolesc Med 2007; 18:460-70.

[7] Yang H, Stanton B, Li X, Cottrel L, Galbraith J, Kaljee L. Dynamic association between parental monitoring and communication and adolescent risk involvement among African-American adolescents. J Natl Med Assoc 2007; 99(5):517-24.

[8] Dancy BL, Crittenden KS, Ning H. African-American adolescent girls' initiation of sexual activity: survival analysis. Womens Health Issues 2010;20(2):146-55.

[9] Doss JR, Vesely SK, Oman RF, Aspa CB, Tolma E, Rodino S, et al. A matched case-control study: investigating the relationship between youth assets and sexual intercourse among 13- to 14-year-olds. Child Care Health Dev 2007; 33(1):40-4.

[10] Haglund KA, Fehring RJ. The association of religiosity, sexual education, and parental factors with risky sexual behaviors among adolescents and young adults. J Relig Health 2009. 30 junio.

[11] Holder DW, Durant RH, Harris TL, Daniel JH, Obeidallah D, Goodman E. The association between adolescent spiritually and voluntary sexual activity. J Adolesc Health 2000; 26(4):295-302.

[12] Lammers C, Ireland M, Resnick M, Blum R. Influences on adolescents´ decision to postpone onset of sexual intercourse: A survival analysis of virginity among youngs aged 13 to 18 years. J Adolesc Health 2000; 26:42-48.

[13] McCree DH, Wingood GM, DiClemente R, Davies S, Harrington KF. Religiosity and risky sexual behavior in African-American adolescent females. J Adoles Health 2003; 33(1):2-8.

[14] Nonnemaker JM, McNeely CA, Blum RW. Public and private domains of religiosity and adolescent health risk behaviours: evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Soc Science Med 2003; 57:2049-54.

[15] Rotosky S, Regnerus M, Wright M. Coital debut. The role of religiosity and sex attitudes in the add health survey. J Sex Research 2003; 40:358-67.

[16] Zaleski EH, Schiaffino KM. Religiosity and sexual risk-taking behavior during the transition to collage. J Adolesc 2000; 23(2):223-27.

[17] McCree DH, Wingood GM, DiClemente R, Davies S, Harrington KF. Religiosity and risky sexual behavior in African-American adolescent females. J Adoles Health 2003; 33(1):2-8.

[18] Cotton S, Berry D. Religiosity, spirituality and adolescent sexuality. Adolesc Med State Art Rev 2007; 18(3):471-83.

[19] Lefkowitz ES, Gillen MM, Shearer CL. Religiosity, sexual behaviors, and sexual attitudes durinf emerging adulthood. J Sex Research 2004; 41(2):150-9.

[20] Lammers C, Ireland M, Resnick M, Blum R. Influences on adolescents´ decision to postpone onset of sexual intercourse: A survival analysis of virginity among youngs aged 13 to 18 years. J Adols Health 2000; 26:42-48.

[21] Linh CL, Blum RW. Premarital sex and condom use among never married youth in Vietnam. Int J Adolesc Med Health 2009; 21(3):299-312.

[22] Gutierrez JP, Bertozzi SM, Conde-González CJ, Sanchez-Aleman MA. Risk behaviors of 15–21 year olds in Mexico lead to a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections: results of a survey in disadvantaged urban areas. BMC Public Health 2006, 6:49.

[23] Magadi MA, Agwanda AO. Determinants of transitions to first sexual intercourse, marriage and pregnancy among female adolescents: evidence from South Nyanza, Kenya. J Biosoc Sci 2009; 41(3):409-27.

[24] Bennett DL, Bauman A. Adolescent mental health and risky sexual behavior. BMJ 2000; 321:251-52.

[25] Blum RW, Ireland M. Reducing risk, increasing protective factors: findings from the Caribbean Youth Health Survey. J Adolesc Health 2004; 35:493-500.

[26] Santelli JS, Kaiser J, Hirsch L, Radosh A, Simkin L, Middlestadt S, Initiation of sexual intercourse among middle school adolescents: the influence of psychosocial factors. J Adolesc Health 2004; 34(3):200-8.

[27] Tenkorang EY, Maticka-Tyndale E. Factors influencing the timing of first sexual intercourse among young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Ins Fam Plan Perspect 2008; 34(4):177-88.

[28] Kahn JA, Huang B, Austin B, Aweh GN, Colditz GA, Frazier AL. Development of a scale to measure adolescents' beliefs and attitudes about postponing sexual initiation. J Adoelsc Health 2004; 35(3):425.e1– 425.e10

[29] Gutierrez JP, Bertozzi SM, Conde-González CJ, Sanchez-Aleman MA. Risk behaviors of 15–21 year olds in Mexico lead to a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections: results of a survey in disadvantaged urban areas. BMC Public Health 2006, 6:49.

 

 

 

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